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9th International Rainwater Catchment Systems Conference
"Rainwater Catchment: An Answer to the Water Scarcity of the Next Millennium"
Petrolina, Brazil - July 1999

All abstracts (PDF 310kb)

Topics

1. Strategy for Rainwater Utilization in the Next Millennium

2. Worldwide Experiences of Rainwater Catchment Systems

3. Rainwater Catchment and Droughts

4. Technology of Rainwater Catchment Systems

5. Political and Socio-economic Aspects of Rainwater Catchment Systems

6. Gender and Community Related Aspects of Rainwater Catchment Systems

7. Water Quality

8. Rainwater Catchment Systems in Agriculture

9. Rainwater Catchment Systems in Urban Areas

10. Rainwater Runoff Management

11. Hydrology-Related Issues

12. Posters

 

1. Strategy for Rainwater Utilization in the Next Millennium

1.1 Trends in Water Demands and the Role of Rainwater Catchment Systems in the Next Millennium
Adhityan Appan
Abstract, PDF of full document (11pp, 44kb)
1.2

Division Study of Rainwater Utilization in China
Haisheng Mou, Huilin Wang & Hsiang-te Kung
Abstract, PDF of full document (12pp, 150kb)

1.3 Hawaii Rainwater Catchment Systems Development: Draft Guidelines
Yu-Si Fok, Leroy F. Heitz & Henry H. Smith
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 28kb)
1.4 Sri Lanka: Problems and prospects of rainwater catchment for the 21st Century
Rajindra de Silva Ariyabandu
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 24kb)
1.5 Water Potentials in the Brazilian Semiarid Zone: Perspectives for an Efficient Use
Aldo da C. Rebouças
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 38kb)
1.6 Rainwater Harvesting Possibilities and Challenges in Kenya
Julius M. Wanyonyi
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 30kb)
1.7 Rainwater Catchment in Nepal: An Answer to the Water Scarcity of the Next Millennium
Ramesh C. Bohara
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 28kb)
1.8 Sustainable Water Resources Management in Arid and Semiarid Regions of the World: A Case Study in Iran
Massoud Goodarzi & Amir Hossein Charkhabi
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 28kb)

2. Wordwide Experiences of Rainwater Catchment Systems

2.1 Promotion of Rainwater Catchment in Southern Africa
Rob Dyer
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 27kb)
2.2

Considerations for developing guidelines for rainwater catchment systems in the U.S. Virgin Islands
Henry H. Smith, Yu-Si Fok & Leroy F. Heitz
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 25kb)

2.3 Rainwater Catchment in the Loess Plateau of Gansu, China and its Significance
Zhu Qiang & Li Yuanhong
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 480kb)
2.4 Ancient And Contemporary Water Catchment Systems In Mexico
Manuel Anaya Garduño
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 34kb)
2.5 Rainwater Utilization and Its Prospect in the Taihang Mountains, China
Wanjun Zhang & Zhijun Liu
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 29kb)
2.6 Experiences Gained in the Development of Rainwater Catchment in Tanzania
Datius G. Rutashobya
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 110kb)

3. Rainwater Catchment and Droughts

3.1 El Niño's Impact on Rainwater Catchment in Brazil's Semiarid Northeast
Vicente de Paulo Rodrigues da Silva, Hiran de Melo, Antônio Heriberto de Castro Teixeira & José Homero Feitosa Cavalcanti
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 720kb)
3.2

Potential Benefits of Tropical Seasonal Rainfall Forecasting for Rainwater Catchment Systems
Carlos Oliveira Galvão & Robin T. Clarke
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 40kb)

3.3 Drought Criteria
Richard J. Heggen
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 32kb)
3.4 Modelling of Rainwater Catchment and Utilization on Farmsteads in Sipili, Kenya
Nicholas Kiggundu & R. K. Muni
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 42kb)
3.5 Anticipatory Conservation Based Drought Management of Water Supply Reservoirs
Masihollah Adibi & M. A. Collins
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 47kb)
3.6 Serial Water Balance of Petrolina, Pernambuco-Brazil
Antônio Heriberto de Castro Teixeira & Bernardo Barbosa da Silva
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 35kb)
3.7 Rainfall Harvesting for Indigenous Health in Australia
Carol Conway, Charles Nicholson, Gabriele Bammer, Alan Wade & Graham Henderson
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 66kb)

4. Technology of Rainwater Catchment Systems

4.1 Affordable Roofwater Harvesting in the Humid Tropics
Terry Thomas & Dai Rees
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 76kb)
4.2

Abanbars as a Trustable Method of Water Harvesting
Nasser Talebbeydokhti & B.Hooshyari
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 26kb)

4.3 Sri Lanka's Experiences with Low Cost Extraction Hand Pump, Storage Cover, First Flush and Guttering in Domestic Rainwater Catchment Systems
Devapriya Hapugoda
Abstract, PDF of full document (4pp, 17kb)
4.4 Construction of Circular Rainwater Cisterns Using Metal Forms
Elizabeth Szilassy
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 57kb)
4.5 Rain Collection as Water Source For Small Rural Communities in Chiapas, Mexico (A case study: technical and social aspects for transferring of rural technology in Mexico)
Martín Mundo-Molina, Polioptro Martínez Austria, Romeo Ballinas Avendaño, Miguel Raúl Ponce & Edgar Rafael Penagos
Abstract, PDF of full document (4pp, 60kb)
4.6 Evaluation of rainwater storage alternatives on San Andrés Island, Colombia
David Garcés Córdoba & Opal Bent
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 26kb)
4.7 Technical Presentation of Various Types of Cisterns Built in the Rural Communities of the Semiarid Region of Brazil
Johann Gnadlinger
Abstract, PDF of full document (11pp, 460kb)
4.8 Development of Rooftop Rainwater Catchment System Design Criteria for Pohnpei State, Federated States of Micronesia
Dr. Leroy F. Heitz, Dr. Yu Si Fok & Dr Henry Smith
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 31kb)
4.9 Influence of Rainfall Amount and Distribution on Rainwater Catchment System Design
David W. Waweru
Abstract, PDF of full document (4pp, 19kb)
4.10 Optimization of rainwater catchment systems design parameters in the arid and semiarid lands of Kenya
Stephen N. Ngigi
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 55kb)
4.11 The Sizing of Rainwater Stores Using Behavioural Models
Alan Fewkes & D Butler
Abstract, PDF of full document (12pp, 70kb)
4.12 Determination of the Optimum Volume of a Cistern Applied to San Andres Island, Colombia
David Garcés Córdoba
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 27kb)
4.13 Effective Application of First Flush Device to Improve Rainwater Quality
Mahinda Kurukulasuriya
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 18kb)
4.14 Barrier to the Effectiveness of Rainwater Catchment Systems
James Mwami
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 24kb)
4.15 An Assessment of the Damage Sustained by the Gareh Bygone Plain Artificial Recharge of Groundwater System in the Deluge of 1995
Gholam Reza Rahbar & Sayyed Ahang Kowsar
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 19kb)
4.16 Damming and Storing of Rainwater in Central Brazil
Luciano Cordoval de Barros
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 480kb)
4.17 Technologies for Enhancing Ground Water Recharge
Subhra Chakravarty
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 21kb)
4.18 Micro-Minor Methods of Rainwater Conservation and Groundwater Recharge
V.N. Shroff & R.K. Katiyar
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 20kb)
4.19 Underground Dams: A Pernambuco (Brazil) Experience
José Almir Cirilo & Waldir Duarte Costa
Abstract, PDF of full document (10pp, 380kb)
4.20 Improving Environmental Characteristics in a Wide Area Around a Flood Water Spreading System, "A case study"
Masoud Nejabat
Abstract, PDF of full document (4pp, 230kb)
4.21 Rock Tanks, Dugouts and Riverbed Dugouts: Three Traditional Systems of Rainwater Catchment in the Brazilian Northeast
Haroldo Schistek
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 420kb)

5. Political and Socio-economic Aspects of Rainwater Catchment Systems

5.1 Peasants Attitudes Towards Participation in Floodwater Spreading Systems Development - The Case of the Gareh Bygone Project
Assadollah Bakhtiar
Abstract, PDF of full document (4pp, 18kb)
5.2

Rainwater Harvesting and Poverty Alleviation, Laikipia Experience
John Mbugua
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 26kb)

5.3 Political and Socio-Economic Dimensions of Rainwater Catchment on the West Bank - Palestine
Samar Michael Husary, Abedul Rahman Tamimi, Salam Rihan & Ahmad Allan
Abstract, PDF of full document (9pp, 37kb)
5.4 Building Cisterns in Campo Alegre de Lourdes, Bahia--Living with the Brazilian Semiarid Climate
Maria Salete Pereira & Armínio de Deus Braga
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 30kb)

6. Gender and Community Related Aspects of Rainwater Catchment Systems

6.1 Alternative Loans for the Construction of Domestic Cisterns in the Semiarid Region of the State of Paraiba, Brazil
Fabrizio Casaretti
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 39kb)
6.2

Women in Community Communication in the Watershed
Jessica Calfoforo Salas
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 25kb)

6.3 Community Management of Water Harvesting Structures
Johnson Ouko
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 24kb)
6.4 Rainwater Collection: An Easy Way to Overcome the Chronic and Growing Shortage of Water of the Albanian Rural Family
Hysen Cobani
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 190kb)
6.5 Rainwater Catchment: Women and Gender Participation in Zimbabwe
Sipiwe Dewa
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 20kb)
6.6 Ask the People: Experience of Makong'endela: Rock Catchment Dam in the Masasi District, Tanzania
Shaib H. Geugeu
Abstract, PDF of full document (4pp, 18kb)
6.7 Caritas' Domestic Cistern Program for the Brazilian Semiarid Zones: A Simple Initiative With a Great Result
Ivo Poletto
Abstract, PDF of full document (4pp, 24kb)
6.8 The Role of Women in Water Development
Millie N. Ouma & Julius M. Wanyonyi
Abstract, PDF of full document (4pp, 17kb)
6.9 Rainwater Catchment in Brazil's Rural Semiarid Tropics: A Grassroots' Approach
Johann Gnadlinger
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 490kb)
6.10 Food Security Through Rainwater Catchment
Sudhirendar Sharma
Abstract, PDF of full document (4pp, 19kb)
6.11 Rural People and Water Resource Management
Khosrow Movahed
Abstract, PDF of full document (2pp, 420kb)

7. Water Quality

7.1 Assessing the Microbial Health Risks of Potable Water
Greg Simmons & Jane Heyworth
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 38kb)
7.2

Comparative Review of Drinking Water Quality from Different Rain Water Harvesting Systems in Sri Lanka
Tanuja Ariyananda

Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 47kb)

7.3 Contamination of Water Resources Due to the Gulf War
Abolghasem Tavassoli & M. H. Mahdian
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 29kb)
7.4 Is Rainwater Safe to Drink? A Review of Recent Findings
John Gould
Abstract, PDF of full document (9pp, 40kb)

8. Rainwater Catchment Systems in Agriculture

8.1 Strategic Water Development in Rural Kenya - The Importance of Rainwater Catchments
G.K. Bambrah
  Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 26kb)
8.2

Efficient Use of Rainwater in Irrigation in Southwestern Saudi Arabia
Abdulaziz S. Al-Turbak
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 48kb)

8.3 Rainwater Catchment Techniques in Burkina Faso: Research Status and Development Priorities
Léopold Some Inera
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 27kb)
8.4 Small-scale Water Management in Farming Systems in the Brazilian Arid Zones: What Is Being Done and How to Improve Its Application
Everaldo Rocha Porto, Aderaldo de Souza Silva, José Barbosa dos Anjos, Luiza Teixeira de Lima Brito & Paulo Roberto Coelho Lopes
Abstract, PDF of full document (13pp, 380kb)
8.5 The Assessment of Agricultural Rainwater Catchment Systems in Mudstone Areas
S.C. Chu, T.Y. Horng, L.J. Chen, W.L. Huang, C.H. Hsu & Y.C. Huang
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 29kb)
8.6 Methods of "In Situ" Rainwater Catchment
José Barbosa dos Anjos, Paulo Roberto Coelho Lopes, Luiza Teixeira de Lima & Maria Sônia Lopes da Silva
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 110kb)
8.7 Maintenance of Productive Soil Capacity Through "in situ" Rainwater Catchment Systems
Roberto Coelho Lopes, José Barbosa dos Anjos, Aderaldo de Souza Silva, Everaldo Rocha Porto, Maria Sonia Lopes da Silva & Gilberto Gomes Cordeiro
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 100kb)

9. Rainwater Catchment Systems in Urban Areas

9.1 Local Governments' Financial Assistance for Rainwater Utilization in Japan
Ichiro Kita, Kouichi Takeyama, Atsuo Takeuchi & Kunihiko Kitamura
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 22kb)
9.2

Rainwater as a Source in an Innovative Urban Dwelling
Donald H. Waller, R. Paloheimo, R. S. Scott, R. LeCraw & A. R. Townshend
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 20kb)

9.3 The Study for Influencing Factors of Urban Rainwater Catchment System Capacity
S.C. Chu, C.H. Liaw, W.L. Huang, S.K. Hsu, Y.L. Tsai & J.J. Kuo
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 45kb)

10. Rainwater Runoff Management

10.1 Estimation of Water Use by Vegetation Barriers Based on Climatological Factors and Soil Moisture Levels
Wim Spaan, J. Ringersma, L. Stroosnijder & A. Sikking
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 37kb)
10.2

Rainfall Runoff and Sediment Reduction Effect of Hedgerow Plants on Purple Soil Slopeland
Cai Qiangguo & K. F. Andrew Lo
Abstract, PDF of full document (11pp, 40kb)

10.3 The Effect of Spatial Averaging of Rainfall on Erosion at the Catchment Scale
Yaghoub Norouzi Banis
Abstract, PDF of full document (9pp, 40kb)
10.4 Hydrological Regularization in Alluvial Areas-A Case Study in Brazil's Semiarid Northeast
Abelardo A. Montenegro, Suzana M. Montenegro & Rae Mackay
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 120kb)
10.5 A Simulation Model of Flood Runoff Utilization in Taiwan
K.F. Andrew Lo
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 41kb)
10.6 Practical Soil Science Applications for Estimating Runoff in Semiarid Regions
Flávio Hugo Barreto Batista da Silva, Antônio Cabral Cavalcanti & Lúcia Raquel Queiroz Nogueira
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 190kb)

11. Hydrology-Related Issues

11.1 Water As A Means of Reconciliation in the Middle East
Mehmet Aydin & Sermet Onder
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 24kb)
11.2 Eastern Anatolia Watershed Rehabilitation Project
Bahri Cevik, Mahmut Cetin & Gursel Kusek
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 27kb)
11.3

Targeting Sites For Rainwater Harvesting With Remote Sensing: A Case Study From Jaipur City And Its Hinterland, Western India
A. K. Sinha; S. P. Yadav and Shyamanuj Dube
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 210kb)

12. Posters

12.1 The Use of Moringa Trees
Mario Augusto de Almeida Neto
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 25kb)
12.2

Pintadas: Experiences with Concrete Plate Cisterns
Edny Marcos Mendes
Abstract, PDF of full document (2pp, 12kb)

12.3 Construction of Wire Mesh Concrete Cistern in the Xixiaklhá Community of the Indigenous Fulni-ô, Águas Belas - Pernambuco
Risoneide Gomes da Silva
Abstract, PDF of full document (2pp, 11kb)
12.4 Nitrogen Transport Through the Vadose Zone of the Bisheh Zard Aquifer
Mehrdad Mohammadnia, S.A.Kowsar
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 42kb)
12.5 Geologic Nitrogen in the Agha Jari Formation of the Bisheh Zard Basin: A Dilemma
Sayyed Ahang Kowsar & Ali Reza Yazdian
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 26kb)
12.6 Optimization Analysis for Utilization of Rainwater in the Lake Land Plain
Lusheng Sha
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 36kb)
12.7 Artificial Recharge System and the Fate of Dissolved and Suspended Particles in Floodwater: A Case Study in Damghan Playa, Iran
Majid Baghernejad

Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 24kb)
12.8 Poços Bate-estaca: Brazilian-Style Tube Wells
Humberto Alves Júnior
Abstract, PDF of full document (1pp, 8kb)
12.9 Who drinks what: Potable Water Usage in South Australia
Jane S Heyworth
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 20kb)
12.10 Big Basket Dam (Gabiões Dam)
Gerardo Vieira Lima
Abstract, PDF of full document (4pp, 200kb)
12.11 A First Flush Device for Rainwater Collected and Stored in Rural Cisterns
José Barbosa dos Anjos
Abstract, PDF of full document (3pp, 40kb)
12.12 Results of Underground Temperature Surveys: Detecting the Groundwater Vein-Stream at the Barikan Landslide Area in Iran
Gen Furuya, Atsuo Taleuchi, Zieaodin Shoaei & Jafar Ghayoumian
Abstract, PDF of full document (7pp, 310kb)
12.13 Underground Temperature Survey for Detecting the Groundwater Vein-Stream
Atsuo Takeuchi & GenFuyuya
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 130kb)
12.14 The Effect of the Storage Location on Collected Rainwater Quality
Kunihiko Kitamura
Abstract, PDF of full document (6pp, 160kb)
12.15 Minimum Cultivation with " in situ" Rainwater Catchment Systems
Paulo Roberto Coelho, Lopes José Barbosa dos Anjos, Aderaldo de Souza Silva & Maria Sonia Lopes da Silva
Abstract, PDF of full document (5pp, 50kb)
12.16 Rain Water Catchment System of Mizoram State, India
Mr. Dunglena
Abstract, PDF of full document (4pp, 18kb)
12.17 Use of the Technologies of Collection of Runoff Water in the Semi-Arid Region of the Brazilian Northeast
Nilton de Brito Cavalcanti, Carlos Alberto Vasconcelos de Oliveira, Luiza Teixeira de Lima Brito & Geraldo Milanez Resende
Abstract, PDF of full document (8pp, 32kb)
12.18 Superficial Runoff Induction in Microcatchments in the Brazilian Semiarid
Paulo Roberto Coelho Lopes, Aderaldo de Souza Silva, José Barbosa dos Anjos & Everaldo Rocha Porto
Abstract, PDF of full document (1pp, 8kb)
12.19 Artificial Recharge Methods of Kariz
Abdolkarim Behnia
Abstract, PDF of full document (3pp, 14kb)
12.20 PVC Hand Pumps
José da Rocha Coqueiro & Caitité Bahia
Abstract, PDF of full document (2pp, 34kb)
12.21

Rainwater Catchment: An Educational Program
Domingos Magalhães Neto & Egnaldo Gomes Xavier
Abstract, PDF of full document (2pp, 480kb)


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