International Rainwater Catchment Systems Conference
Mannheim, Germany - September 2001
Rainwater Catchment in Humid and Arid Regions
Promoting Rainwater Utilisation in Oruchinga, Uganda
There are enormous latent potential possibilities for rainwater catchment
in rural settings of Uganda and elsewhere in the world, which have not
Water is increasingly becoming scarce both in quality and quantity in
most low-income communities in the face of increasing population. Only
17.3% of the local population of Oruchinga valley has access to clean
and safe water. This situation needs to be checked otherwise efforts to
poverty eradication and improvement of standard of living of people in
low-income communities will not achieve the desired goal. Women and children
will continue to be victims of this circumstance.
This paper puts forward a case how ACORD has supported a rainwater development
programme in Oruchinga valley in Mbarara District in south-western Uganda.
Methodology shift to household rainwater harvesting has created better
access to potable, clean and safe water. Water is slowly becoming increasingly
available for domestic use and agricultural production purposes.
This resulted from a SMART partnership of good collaboration between
needy women groups, ACORD - Uganda, FAKT (Consult for Management, Training
and Technologies) and Bread for the World (BftW) of Germany. The funding
of rainwater harvesting and sanitation pilot project in Oruchinga valley
by BftW has created a competitive and enthusiastic atmosphere among the
groups undertaking the project.
More savings groups for rainwater harvesting and utilisation have emerged
and are running their min-water harvesting projects on the rotational
Benefits by participating women groups are manifold in terms of decreasing
women and children labour, saving time and energy, increasing agricultural
production and household hygiene and sanitation.
Lessons learnt from this pilot project indicate that, there is need
to re-examine the current approaches in order to reach many poor unreachable.
Addressing peoples felt needs; demands involving them throughout the process
of project preparation, decision-making, technology choice, implementation
and monitoring and evaluation. This is a core pre-condition to sustainability,
replicability and increased management. Subsidies to these rainwater-harvesting
groups have a positive role to play.
The donor community needs to flexibly and positively support household
rainwater promotion and utilisation to achieve the World Health Organisation
(WHO) global objective "water for all" where the poorest of
the poor will benefit.
PDF of full document (5pp, 26kb)
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