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10th International Rainwater Catchment Systems Conference
"Rainwater International 2001"
Mannheim, Germany - September 2001

Section 4: Rainwater Catchment in Agriculture

Paper 4.16

Small Scale Water Harvesting Approach for Agricultural Production in Semi-Arid India

Anupam K. Singh and Dieter Prinz
Institute of Water Resources Management and Rural Engineering (IWK)
University of Karlsruhe (TH)
Kaiserstr. 12, D-76131
Karlsruhe/
Germany
email: us8p@rz.uni-karlsruhe.de

Abstract

The project is located in semi-arid region of Anas river catchment in state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Due to rapid increase in agricultural land, the traditional sources of irrigation water are often overused. The ratio of annual potential evaporation to precipitation varies between 1.2 to 3.0, and only a small fraction of rain falling during monsoon season percolates into deeper soil to recharge an aquifer. The small scale water harvesting approach offers significant potential for sustaining agricultural production in semi-arid region of Anas river catchment. Remote sensing, geographical Information system and indigenous knowledge are linked in a participatory survey to identify suitable water harvesting areas.

PDF of full document (2pp, 49kb)


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