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10th International Rainwater Catchment Systems Conference
"Rainwater International 2001"
Mannheim, Germany - September 2001

Section 5: Legal and Political Aspects of Rainwater Harvesting

Paper 5.7

Water Access and Storage as Tools for Integrated Rural Development - Case Study in the South of Hebron Region

Samar Husary, Roz Wiley-Al'Sanah, Mike Smith
Palestine Hydrology Group


The West Bank is a semiarid with very limited natural resources. The annual rainfall ranges from 100 mm to 700 mm. The major water source is groundwater. The limited natural resources, the political dispute over the resources and the increased demand on water resources in the area due to the increasing population have increased the severity of water shortage problems in the region. Two areas have been identified as the poorest areas in the West Bank, i.e., Hebron District in the south and Jenin District in the north. As a response to the critical water conditions, DFID is supporting development projects in the area to help Palestinians. Hebron Water Access and Storage (H-WASP) was initiated as a pilot project in the region. The first investigation of the area revealed the selection of three villages (Anab Al-Kabir, Tuwani, and Ghuwein) for the pilot phase of the project.

The overall objectives of H-WASP are to:

  • Promote the sustainable management and use of scarce water resources in the West Bank and Gaza 
  • Act as pilot stage for a broader assistance program in the region to improve access to and storage of potable water in the remote rural areas of the southern Hebron 
  • Maximise benefits to the poorest sections of the community, particularly by taking a demand driven approach to promote and support the development of sustainable livelihood 
  • Promote a greater awareness of environmental, health, hygiene and financial sustainability issues related to water, and institutionalise knowledge and expertise in community-based approaches to water and sanitation.

PDF of full document (7pp, 29kb)

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