International Conference on Rain Water Cistern Systems
USA - June 1982
1: History Of Cisterns
M. Crasta, Costantino A. Fasso, Francesco Patta and Giorgio Putzu
University of Cagliari, Italy
The island of Sardinia remained a Phoenician-Carthaginian colony for about
a millenium. The Phoenicians first began to settle on the island during the 9th
to 7th century B.C., founding several ports of call to carry out trade by sea.
Of these ports, Cagliari, Nora, Bithia and Tharros are evidence of the role that
the island's southern coast played in supporting the commercial routes of the
The types of rain water cisterns most commonly used in the period considered
here are the "bath-tub" and "flask" cisterns. Some examples
of large cisterns, which will be referred to as "cave" cisterns, have
also been discovered in Cagliari.
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