International Conference on Rain Water Cistern Systems
USA - June 1982
5: Current And Future Practices
Rural Rainwater Cistern
Design in Indonesia
Yayasan Dian Desa, Indonesia
Water is difficult to obtain in some areas, such as the region of Gunung Kidul,
which is located to the southeast of Yogyakart in Java. The main source of water
in this area is rainfall. During the dry season, villagers spend much time and
labor fetching water over great distances for domestic use.
In Yogyakarta, several ponds serve as catchment basins for rainfall that accumulates
during the rainy season. This water is used for drinking, cooking, bathing, washing
and also for livestock watering. Some of these ponds, which dry up during the
dry season, are several kilometres away from the people who use them. Under such
conditions, it is common for local inhabitants to search for water several kilometres
from their homes.
In the Gunung Kidul region, the water table is quite deep – up to 160
m (525 ft), thus making it difficult to hand dig wells o exploit the groundwater.
And because of poor economic conditions, local people traditionally catch rain
water in jugs as it flows from the roof.
It is especially true that Indonesians living in villages place great importance
on the joy and value of working together. This belief in solidarity is quite widespread
for, within the activities of day-to-day living, there is constant contact and
cooperation between neighbors. From this point of view, we believe that there
is much to gain if a rural program for constructing rainwater cisterns of ferrocement
and bamboo cement is encouraged especially in developing countries.
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