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3rd International Rainwater Cistern Systems Conference
Khon Kaen, Thailand - January, 1987

Section B: Planning

Paper B.5

Strategies to Provide Drinking Water in The Rural Areas of Thailand

Dr. Prakob Wirojanagud
Dr. Prinya Chindaprasirt
Water Resources and Environment Institute
Faculty of Engineering
Khon Kaen University
Khon Kaen


The best method of providing drinking water in rural areas of Thailand is by storage of rainwater, This method is economical! provides water of high quality and can be carried out virtually anywhere because the volume of rainwater available is adequate throughout the country. A cement jar of 2 cubic meter capacity is the most suitable container for most households because it is cheap and can be built by villagers themselves or bought individually depending on each. household's financial capability. Three Jars of this size can store sufficient water for drinking" and cooking to last a household of six persons throughout, almost seven months of the dry season. A rainwater storage tank of 6 to 12 cubic meters capacity is suitable for use by a larger, relatively more affluent family and for public places such as schools. The design and methods for construction of such tanks have been greatly improved so that costs have greatly decreased.

The program for constructing rainwater storage jars to provide drinking water in rural areas has been a joint effort between government and private or non-profit agencies and is directed towards supporting construction of jars and tanks by villagers themselves. Government officials are responsible for training village technicians, for providing -money to be used in establishing a revolving fund and providing forms and tools for use in the construction of jars at, each village. If' implementation of this jar construction program proceeds according to the targets set out, Thailand will have resolved the Problems of inadequate safe drinking water in rural areas before the year 1990. This should include providing economical 6 to 12 cubic meter capacity rainwater tanks at rural schools as well .

PDF of full document (11pp, 410kb)

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