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3rd International Rainwater Cistern Systems Conference
Khon Kaen, Thailand - January, 1987

Section C: Design

Paper C.9

Analysis of Rainfall Patterns for the Design of Rain Catchment Water Supplies an a Tropical Wet/Dry Season Climate

Guenther E. Seidel, D.I.C.
Rural Water Supply Engineer
Department of Health
P.O. Box 3991
Boroko N.C.D
Papua New Guinea

Abstract

In Papua New Guinea extensive rainfall records are available but they are not computerized. A method was needed which allowed a sufficiently thorough analysis yet kept data coding at a manageable level.

A two phase approach was adopted: In phase one monthly rainfall totals for 38 representative stations and continuous record lengths of around thirty years were analysed to yield probability distributions of the occurrence and severity of dry periods. The whole country was then zoned into seven distinctive dry period rainfall regimes. Phase two of the analysis consisted of numerical simulations of rain catchment supplies using actual daily rainfalls for representative periods for each of the seven zones identified in phase one. Two types of simulation were run: One for standalone systems the other for systems with supplementary topups from external sources.

The results are a map of Papua New Guinea showing the seven zones and sets of design tables for each zone. Tabulated are the percent reliability of a standalone system and the number of topups required, both as functions of catchment area and storage volume.

The computer programmes used could be run on most microcomputers using the CP/M80 operating system.

PDF of full document (16pp, 670kb)


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