International Rainwater Cistern Systems Conference
Khon Kaen, Thailand
- January, 1987
Section D: Policy and Planning
A Total Approach Towards the Establishment of Rain
Water Cistern Systems in Developing Countries
Nanyang Technological Institute.
Lee Kam Wing
International Development Research Centre
Rain Water Cistern Systems (RWCS) have greater application
in developing countries where the capital outlay for the conventional larger
water supply systems is not forthcoming. However, only of late has the
propagation of such systems on a large scale gained prominence.
To establish RWCS systems/ the associated technology involving
the sizes of cisterns/ types of material to be used, mode of utilisation and
the maintenance of quality are factors that have been largely discussed in
depth. In this paper, it is emphasised that to propagate such systems besides
these salient technological factors, the socio-cultural aspects of the region
also have to be taken into account. The total approach towards a successful
RWCS should ensure an integration of all associated technological,
socio-cultural and economic components such that the final outcome is a long
lasting, simple and cheap system that is manageable by rural communities.
Two types of approaches are recommended depending on the
existing state of knowledge of RWCS in the region. As such, case studies of the
modus operandi in the Philippines and Indonesia are presented.
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