International Conference on Rain Water Cistern Systems
Manila , Philipines
- August, 1989
B: Community Participation
Participation With NGO Participation - A New Approach
Canadian Hunger Foundation, Kenya
Running the Canadian Hunger Foundation (CHF) programme in Kenya, the author
has Learned that the `missionary` approach to village water projects by most development
agencies in the past has been largely responsible for their very big failure rate.
Most NGO's and agencies plan and implement a project, then wrestle with the problems
of trying to encourage what they call 'community participation', which seldom
The CHF begins by discussing. with the committee of a self-help water project,.
group the possibility of their upgrading their embryo project to a business enterprise,
in which CHF are temporary joint venture partners. The group registers itself
as a Legal Society with enforceable obligations and responsibilities. The project
becomes a financially self-sufficient enterprise run on business-like lines. The
rules governing commissioning, operation and membership are established in a registered
constitution. With both their contributions (in the form of share capital) , and
the intergrity of the project safe-guarded by legal means, the willingness of
even the poorest community to contribute their time and money is overwhelming.
Protected and encourage. by sound business-like arrangements, the community provides
acuity, all the labour, and significant material inputs. The CHF providas technical
training and supervision of ccnstruction works, training in book-keeping, in project
management, in recruitment, in the institution of checks and balances for the
resolution of political problems, etc., and capital in the form of some of the
expensive materials. The project is run entirely by full-time employees of the
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