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4th International Conference on Rain Water Cistern Systems
Manila , Philipines - August, 1989

Section G: Catchment And Storage Systems

Paper G.1

Direct Development Of Rain Water Resources By Tameikes (Farmers Group Pond)

Isao Minami
Kyoto university, Japan

Abstract

The rural region where no irrigation facilities were constructed in several hundred years had many Tameikes (farmers group pond) in the Setouchi of Japan. These tameikes are special facility of water resources for farmers who were suffering from serious drought and this is convenient structure reflecting their special social situation, then I would like to use the word "tameike" as a technical term. Tameike could be constructed and operated by farmers group and they has exclusive water right of tameike. The tameike is key facility of paddy rice production and of social activity of farmers and these farmers are active member for economic activity of agricultural corporation. We have transferred the tameike from Setouchi region to Northeast Thailand through cooperation study between Kyoto University and Chulalongkorn University, as the key facility of integrated small-scale rural development among rainfed paddy rice field on flat land of Notheast Thailand .Though there was strong salinity in round of Northeast Thailand the rainfall collected in tameike could dilute the salinity to the level of irrigable water. lt was very successful facility. We are going to show our experiences and theoretical evaluation for tameike of the region not only fresh ground water area but also salt ground crater area in Northeast Thailand.

PDF of full document (16pp, 360kb)


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