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5th International Conference on Rain Water Cistern Systems
"Rainwater Catchment for Future Generations"
Keelung, Taiwan, R.O.C. - August 1991

Section 7: Agricultural Uses of Cistern Water

Page 393

Scientific Method of Kanat's Artificial Recharge, With Examples of the Efficiency of the Methods Describe in Iran

Abdolkarim Behnia
Chamran University, Iran


In this research different methods causing kanat's artificial recharge are identified classified, and introduced. The results of their application have been described in Iran. These methods consist of five ways of surface recharge and three ways of underground recharge of aquifers. The five surface recharge methods as follow: construction of vast artificial pool with specific artificial pond; storage of water in the area above the mother well; Construction of earth dams at the floodway s around kanats; The expansion of the vegetation of soil and making the strips along the tarekar of kanats. Three methods of artificial groundwater are artificial recharge by well, by joining the deep wells and kanats and lowering the ground water level. Based n the local research among the eight different methods presented for the artificial recharge of kanats, the construction of recharge well is recognized to be the cheapest and the easiest of all and is recommended as an effective method for increasing kanats discharges.

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