International Conference on Rain Water Cistern Systems
"Rainwater Catchment for Future Generations"
Keelung, Taiwan, R.O.C. - August 1991
10: Country Reports and Future Outlooks
Malian Experience In
Rain Water Cistern Systems
Groupe de Recherches et d'Applications Techniques (GRAT), BAMAKO/MALI
Water needs, supplies and uses constitute a compound subject in Mali. The appropriateness
between water needs and resources Varies throughout the year. The rain season
(2 - 4 months long) undergoes serious climatic disturbances these last two decades.
People do not have enough access to water, because there is not enough systems
(wells, reservoirs, pumps) to make the most of the potential water supply and
the situation becomes more complex with the nature of the persons who support
all the water supply charge. Whatever the reason, water shortage is especially
prevalent in rural areas.
In this complex water supply system, the surety technology is not necessarily
the one which occurs more water at less cost, but which occurs water at a specific
moment in a specific place. It is the case of rain water cistern and catchment
systems, which exempt women from supply duties at the moment when they have heavy
The rain water cistern and catchment systems used in Mali depend on the geoclimatic
factors of the different regions, the nature of the needs to satisfy (domestic,
agricultural) and the way of life of the people (settlement).
According to the nature of the need, there are individual and collective implemented
systems. Some of the systems are widely used in many areas and the others are
known only in a small part. The importance of the rain water cistern and catchment
systems is well known in Mali.
Traditional and modern techniques have been presented and the constraints and
limits analysed for more wide application and efficiency use.
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