International Conference on Rain Water Cistern Systems
"Rainwater Catchment for Future Generations"
Keelung, Taiwan, R.O.C. - August 1991
10: Country Reports and Future Outlooks
Rainwater Cistern System
In Malaysia Reconsidered
University Kebangsaan Malaysia
Ministry of Health Malaysia
It has been almost a decade since an attempt was made to examine the policy
and practice of rainwater cistern system (RWCS) in Malaysia. The main aim of this
paper is therefore to review the development of RWCS over the past decade and
consider its future prospect. This is especially in view of the massive rural
water supply programme undertaken by the government particularly during the second
half of the decade.
It has to be mentioned at the outset that RWCS in Malaysia is essentially a
rural water supply system. There has been no attempt on the part of any agency
related to water supply to introduce the system in an urban environment and: attempts
by private individuals to utilize this source of supply can be said to be minimal.
The urban areas has been entirely dependent on the potable system provided by
the various waiver supply agencies and the folly of this over-dependence has been
clearly demonstrated by the recent failure of the Malacca water supply system.
Other than private efforts which are largely uncoordinated, the only programme
on RWCS in the rural area is under the purview of the Ministry of Health. However,
to quite an extent it could also be said that the RWCS programme of the Ministry
of Health at the State levels is largely uncoordinated, This is illustrated by
the absence of any clear-;:guideline on programme implementation at the policy
as well as technical level.
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