International Rainwater Catchment Systems Conference
Catchment: An Answer to the Water Scarcity of the Next Millennium."
Petrolina, Brazil - July 1999
Section 11: Hydrology-Related Issues
Eastern Anatolia Watershed Rehabilitation Project
Bahri Cevik, Mahmut Cetin & Gursel Kusek
University of Cukurova, Fakulty of Agriculture
01330, Adana, Turkey
Turkey is one of the countries severely subjected to
erosion. It is estimated that over 600 million tons of soil per year are lost
to the seas and lakes by erosion.
The Eastern Anatolia Watershed Rehabiliation Project has
been developed as a result of an agreement between the World Bank and the
government of Turkey signed in 1993 with the objective of conservation and
development of vegetative structure and water resources, prevention of erosion,
rehabilitation of rangeland and improvement of living conditions of the
villagers over the middle basin of the Euphrates River. In Elazig, Malatya, and
Adiyaman provinces 54 micro-catchments will be used as experimental sites over
the next six years.
From the environmental point of view, the purpose of the
project is to achieve sustainable protection and development of the soil and
water resources. From the socioeconomic view point, the purpose is to involve
the local communities in the project activities, thus increasing rural income
by developing various income generating activities.
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