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9th International Rainwater Catchment Systems Conference
"Rainwater Catchment: An Answer to the Water Scarcity of the Next Millennium."
Petrolina, Brazil - July 1999

Section 12: Posters

Paper 12.16

Rain Water Catchment System of Mizoram State, India

Mr. Dunglena
Aizawal, Mizoram, India


The state of Mizoram, located in the extreme northeast corner of India, is a small hill state having an area of about 21,000 km2 and thinly populated. The state is entirely mountainous covered with green vegetation. Villages are mostly located on hilltops. Mizoram State enjoys abundant monsoon rainfall of about 2500 millimetres annually. But Run-off is quick and people face acute water problems in the dry season. Villagers have to walk long distances to fetch water from perennial springs and rivers. The English who came to the area in 1894, got their domestic water from a 12- lakh gallons capacity underground rainwater tank.

Nowadays rooftop rainwater harvesting and spring water collection are the main sources of domestic water supply in Mizoram. With the development of the gravity pipe the government started supplying water with a pumping scheme. Pipe water supply is supplemented by rainwater harvesting in most of the towns and villages. Many families prefer rainwater for direct consumption to pipe water.

The Government of India and the state government have taken up rainwater harvesting from roofs as well as spring water improvement as one of the important development schemes. During the International Water Decade substantial funds for rainwater collection were released on a state as well as federal level.

PDF of full document (4pp, 18kb)

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