International Rainwater Catchment Systems Conference
Catchment: An Answer to the Water Scarcity of the Next Millennium."
Petrolina, Brazil - July 1999
Section 1: Strategy for Rainwater Utilization in the Next Millennium
Rainwater Catchment in Nepal: An Answer to the Water
Scarcity of the Next Millennium
Ramesh C. Bohara
Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project
Lumbini Zone Nepal
For the past two decades, provision of safe drinking water
facilities for people has been given high priority by both government and
non-governmental agencies. Water has been brought closer to communities thus
saving peoples' time and energy.
Catchment and utilization of the tremendous natural
rainwater sources would be one of the right choices in Nepal's present context.
Advantages of utilizing rainwater could be summed up: Women and children
benefit first, quality of rainwater can be maintained with simple and minimum
efforts, catchment systems are independent on a household level, simple
construction and easy maintenance, low environmental impacts, reduction of soil
erosion and flood hazards by intercepting roof run off and improvement of the
ground water table due to reduction in abstraction.
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