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9th International Rainwater Catchment Systems Conference
"Rainwater Catchment: An Answer to the Water Scarcity of the Next Millennium."
Petrolina, Brazil - July 1999

Section 6: Gender and Community Related Aspects of Rainwater Catchment

Paper 6.4

Rainwater Collection: An Easy Way to Overcome the Chronic and Growing Shortage of Water of the Albanian Rural Family

Hysen Cobani
Bulevardi " Deshmoret e Kombit"
P. 62/2, Sh.I, Ap.I
Tirana, Albania
Phone/Fax: 3554232399


Albania has abundant rainfall (722-2747 mm/year), but mostly concentrated in the rainy season (October - April). During the dry summers, water levels are often at a critical low. During the past 50 years, rainwater catchment has been used to irrigate 50 - 60 % of the land, but little has been done to supply clean, safe drinking water for the people. Among the 2800 villages only 450 (16%) have aqueducts. During the summer only 5-10 liters of water per capita /day are available in some villages. Since the current government seems to be unable to supply the rural population with access to safe drinking water, the NGO Rain & Rural Family was founded in 1997 to study the possibilities of promoting roof rainwater catchment. The study states that each house with a roof of 50-100 m2 could collect enough water to provide 6 people with an average water supply of 60- 130 liters for 90 days. The cost to built a reinforced concrete cistern would come to 590.000 leke ( about US$ 3,000). Rain and Rural Family aims to : 1) popularize the concept of rainwater harvesting, 2) inform the public about the tradition of rainwater collecting and 3) to establish rainwater collection as a national priority.

PDF of full document (6pp, 190kb)

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