International Rainwater Catchment Systems Association
International Rainwater Catchment Systems Conferences
Home
  Factsheets
  Conferences
  Next conference
  Proceedings
  1st, Hawaii
  2nd, St Thomas
  3rd, Khon Kaen
  4th, Manila
  5th, Taiwan
  6th, Nairobi
  7th, Beijing
  8th, Tehran
  9th, Petrolina
  10th, Mannheim
  11th, Texcoco
  12th, New Delhi
  13th, Sydney
  14th, Kuala Lumpur
  News
  Links
  Join IRCSA
  IRCSA Board
  Members

9th International Rainwater Catchment Systems Conference
"Rainwater Catchment: An Answer to the Water Scarcity of the Next Millennium."
Petrolina, Brazil - July 1999

Section 6: Gender and Community Related Aspects of Rainwater Catchment
Systems

Paper 6.8

The Role of Women in Water Development

Millie N. Ouma & Julius M. Wanyonyi
P.O. Box 72387, Nairobi, Kenya
Fax: 254-2-577337
E-mail: kra@net2000ke.com

Abstract

In rural areas of developing countries, such as Kenya, women understand the urgent need for improved accessibility to water sources. It is estimated that most rural women spent more than 80 percent of their time drawing, carrying, managing and using water. In most cases this water is inadequate and unsafe. About 67.5 % of the rural and 6.7% of the urban households have access to unsafe water sources. (CBS's Housing Survey 1994).

Most women may not be aware of water related diseases nor do they see a direct relationship between improved water supply and health, but once water sources become available, they quickly evaluate the benefits in terms of improved sanitation, personal hygiene, increased food security and reduced workload.

Clearly, women have much to gain from an improved water supply through rainwater collection. The additional time gained will ensure its sustainability, because the time saved can be used for income generating activities, such as growing more food crops, commercial activities, and promoting their family health.

PDF of full document (4pp, 17kb)


Note: The IRCSA proceedings section is still new and under active management, If you find any problems, ommissions or corrections please contact the administrator so we can put things right.
Top of Page